Constraints on planetary and asteroid-mass primordial black holes from continuous gravitational-wave searches. (arXiv:2110.06188v1 [gr-qc])

<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Miller_A/0/1/0/all/0/1">Andrew L. Miller</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Aggarwal_N/0/1/0/all/0/1">Nancy Aggarwal</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Clesse_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">Sébastien Clesse</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Lillo_F/0/1/0/all/0/1">Federico De Lillo</a>

We present new constraints on the merging rates of planetary-mass and

asteroid-mass primordial black hole binaries using limits on continuous

waves(quasi-monochromatic, quasi-infinite duration signals) derived from an

all-sky search for isolated compact objects in the first six months of the

third observing run (O3a) of LIGO/Virgo. We calculate the merging rates of

these binaries in a model-independent way, and convert them to constraints on

the primordial black hole abundance with minimal modelling assumptions. Our

results show that we are sensitive to sources at most $mathcal{O}(10$ pc) away

for systems with chirp masses of $mathcal{O}(10^{-5}M_odot)$ at

gravitational-wave frequencies around 30-40 Hz. These results also show that

continuous-wave searches could in the future directly probe the existence of

planetary-mass and asteroid-mass primordial black holes, especially those in

binaries with asymmetric mass ratios. Furthermore, they demonstrate that new

methods accounting for the full nonlinear gravitational-wave frequency

evolution are needed to improve constraints on primordial black holes.

We present new constraints on the merging rates of planetary-mass and

asteroid-mass primordial black hole binaries using limits on continuous

waves(quasi-monochromatic, quasi-infinite duration signals) derived from an

all-sky search for isolated compact objects in the first six months of the

third observing run (O3a) of LIGO/Virgo. We calculate the merging rates of

these binaries in a model-independent way, and convert them to constraints on

the primordial black hole abundance with minimal modelling assumptions. Our

results show that we are sensitive to sources at most $mathcal{O}(10$ pc) away

for systems with chirp masses of $mathcal{O}(10^{-5}M_odot)$ at

gravitational-wave frequencies around 30-40 Hz. These results also show that

continuous-wave searches could in the future directly probe the existence of

planetary-mass and asteroid-mass primordial black holes, especially those in

binaries with asymmetric mass ratios. Furthermore, they demonstrate that new

methods accounting for the full nonlinear gravitational-wave frequency

evolution are needed to improve constraints on primordial black holes.

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